On God and Victim Blaming

For the response to a response to this article, see link.

Everyone is familiar with God rhetoric and with victim-blaming rhetoric. But what people don’t seem to realize is that the two are very similar, and when you think about it, you find that God (as the fictional character in the Bible) is the ultimate victim blamer. The following screenshot is from the comment section of a post by “allallt” called “A Non-intervening God and The Problem of Suffering“:

Victim Blaming

Sure, so if God kills a thousand people in an earthquake, then it’s the peoples‘ fault for settling there, not God’s. What about hurricanes? Well duh, 21st-century America is just asking for God to send them. (Ignoring even the most basic science, let’s analyze this from the perspective of someone who really holds these views.) Of course, the religious user ends the discussion several comments down with “I will pray for you.”

The “just asking for it” rhetoric is absurd. Does this imply that if someone didn’t “ask for it,” they will be spared of the full consequences? Former Representative Todd Akin (from last year, Republican of Missouri) seemed to think so:

At the time, the press correctly made a huge deal out of this (as well as of other fellow religious Republicans). The trouble is, if you thought that was bad, then you may be shocked to hear that even the most fundamentalist Christians with the most primitive views about rape don’t come close in comparison to fundamentalist Muslims, who have a much more degrading view of women and have given one woman a 200-lash sentence for the crime of being raped. Well, to make it better, she was originally sentenced to only 90 lashes, but then since her lawyer tried to bring this absurdity to light in the international press, the Saudi Arabian court extended it to 200 lashes and a 6-month prison sentence. I really wish I were making this up.

sharia-justice

In 2005, Australian Muslim preacher Faiz Mohamad said in a 1000-person lecture, “A victim of rape every minute somewhere in the world. Why? No one to blame but herself. She displayed her beauty to the entire world…” You know it’s a sad state of the world when a whole class of people make Todd Akin seem like a feminist in comparison.

Is it a mere coincidence that the most extreme victim blamers are often the most religious? I would argue it is not a coincidence, and that the two are very intertwined.

God, the Ultimate Victim Blamer

Now that I have your attention, I would like to take a step back and explain the purpose of this article. In general I think many well-meaning people (both religious and nonreligious) completely ignore the relation between religion and society, or at least publicly ignore it due to the taboo against discussing it. On the contrary, there are very significant correlations between religion and social/political views, and it’s some of these that I would like to bring more awareness to.

So why is God the ultimate victim blamer?

All the rapes, murders, and genocides in the Bible indicate not only that God approves of humans doing the victim blaming, but also that He does the victim blaming himself.

As you approach a town to attack it, first offer its people terms for peace.  If they accept your terms and open the gates to you, then all the people inside will serve you in forced labor.  But if they refuse to make peace and prepare to fight, you must attack the town.  When the LORD your God hands it over to you, kill every man in the town.  But you may keep for yourselves all the women, children, livestock, and other plunder.  You may enjoy the spoils of your enemies that the LORD your God has given you. (Deuteronomy 20:10-14)

Thus says the Lord: ‘I will bring evil upon you out of your own house. I will take your wives [plural] while you live to see it, and will give them to your neighbor. He shall lie with your wives in broad daylight. You have done this deed in secret, but I will bring it about in the presence of all Israel, and with the sun looking down.’
Then David said to Nathan, “I have sinned against the Lord.” Nathan answered David: “The Lord on his part has forgiven your sin: you shall not die. But since you have utterly spurned the Lord by this deed, the child born to you must surely die.” (2 Samuel 12:11-14)

Make ready to slaughter his sons for the guilt of their fathers; Lest they rise and posses the earth, and fill the breadth of the world with tyrants. (Isaiah 14:21)

What a great leader, showing such shining examples of paragon virtue to His followers! Of course, many Christians instinctively say, “But that’s the Old Testament, and that doesn’t apply because Jesus.” That objection is technically invalid because Jesus and the New Testament explicitly say the Old Testament still applies. This is often denied, and even if the Old Testament were completely ignored, it’s not as if the New Testament is made up of radiant moral perfection.

God is also the ultimate sexist, who, even besides all those passages about rape, said infamous things as

“I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man; she must be silent.” (1 Timothy 2:12)

“Wives, submit to your husbands as to the Lord.” (Ephesians 5:22)

“Slaves, submit yourselves to your masters with all respect, not only to the good and gentle but also to the cruel.” (1 Peter 2:18)

And even without citing particular passages, some of the central messages taught to everyone reek of victim blaming. The New Testament says plenty about Hell, but what other is Hell than God’s punishment for beings that He himself created? In the moral behavior setting, if someone sins and deserves going to Hell, then why did God create such a person who would commit that sin in the first place? “I created something that was flawed, therefore I must punish it for being flawed.” The whole mentality of “God doesn’t send people to hell, they choose it” is practically the definition of victim blaming. I would urge anyone to compare that to the “they asked for it” mentality. Finally, the predestination setting is just as bad, if not worse—now you are being punished for being the victim of pure chance.

While the Bible is quite horrible at talking about gender equality, there is one book that is arguably worse: the Quran.

. . . If you fear highhandedness from your wives, remind them [of the teaching of God], then ignore them when you go to bed, then hit them. If they obey you, you have no right to act against them. God is most high and great. (4:34)

. . . Wives have the same rights as the husbands have on them in accordance with the generally known principles. Of course, men are a degree above them in status . . . (2.228)

Of course, now I’m going to get the “You’re taking it out of context!” objection. So please tell me, what kind of context I am supposed to take 1 Timothy 2:12 under that makes it okay to tell women to shut up? I’ll await your answer in the comments.

In all, the rhetoric of religion and that of victim blaming are very similar, if not identical. Their similarity is moreover not a coincidence, but rather a lingering effect of a time when people believed every word of the Bible/Quran (and many still do). In our age, it seems that to be a “good” Christian is to follow as little of the Bible as possible. So does the best Christian completely ignore it?

An Atheist’s View on Religion

Scarlet A

In the past year I’ve written a bunch of posts on particular aspects of atheism and religion, but so far there are none that have laid out my views at a glance. So this is an open, informal post designed to do just that.

  • Identification: Agnostic atheist. I don’t believe there is a god (atheist), nor do I claim to know whether one exists (agnostic). (Though typically, the word “agnostic” can be used differently to describe someone who is “between” theism and atheism.)Agnostic_chart
  • Burden of proof: Those believing in a god must prove so. “I can’t prove the planet Kolob doesn’t exist, therefore I must accept Mormonism,” is a ridiculous statement, as is “I can’t prove fairies don’t exist, therefore fairies exist.” Equally ridiculous is, “I can’t prove God doesn’t exist, therefore God exists.”
  • Religion (general): Antitheism with respect to societal impacts. I think the harms outweigh the benefits. This is the primary reason I even post about religion in the first place.
  • Religion (specific): Islam is arguably worse than Christianity, as it justifies and is actively used to justify many violent actions. On the other hand, I don’t really consider Judaism to be a religion: 68% believe you can be Jewish and not believe in God. (I am probably biased in these views, as nearly every Jew I know is a secular Jew, whereas I know otherwise rational Christians who believe steadfastly in creationism.)
  • Religious people: With respect to individuals, I don’t treat religious people differently, since I don’t think it is their fault they were indoctrinated in a particular religion. I think the very devout are misguided rather than evil people, as I believe they are genuinely doing what they think is right. When someone does something terrible in the name of religion, my instinctive response is never “What a bad person!”, but more often along the lines of “Who brainwashed them into believing that!?” I would go so far as to say that the 9/11 hijackers, as well as all those Americans who perished, were victims of Islam, and that the truly bad people were the ones setting it up from behind the scenes. And, for example, I think the correct response to the Boston marathon bombing earlier this year should have been to consider conducting an objective criticism of Islam, but instead, we are too politically correct to do so, thus not helping to stop another such event from happening.
  • Fundamentalists vs. moderates: I don’t hold fundamentalists more accountable than moderates. Here is a link to my main post on this topic.
  • Activism vs passiveness: I think atheists do need to speak up, even at the cost of being perceived as “rude” or “angry.” So far, the main criticism of the “new atheism movement” is that it is rude and angry, not of the actual contents or messages of the movement. Here is the TED talk in which Richard Dawkins introduces this (30 min video):
  • Religion and science: The two are incompatible at the fundamental level—one teaches to not question anything, and the other to question everything.
  • Afterlife, ghosts, ESP, witches, UFOsreincarnation, etc.: No.
  • Morality: Just as a good law code is very complex, accounting for fringe cases and how to deal with ambiguous situations, so must a good moral code. A moral code simply stated in rules of “Do not X” is doomed to failure, especially if the rules are ambiguous, symbolic, self-contradictory, loophole-ridden, and cherry-picked to serve self interests. Here is a previous post on a better moral code, roughly utilitarian. In addition, with respect to large-scale views on morality, I agree with Sam Harris‘s criticism of “multiculturalism.”
  • LGBT rights, women’s rights, right to choose, feminism, universal education, universal healthcare, etc.: Greatly in support. It’s sad when one of the leading stories yesterday was that Saudi Arabian women were protesting a ban that prevented them from… driving. And when you think about the root cause of the opposition to these factors, you start to see a clear pattern with religion. I see all these issues as religious issues, and I don’t want society to fight the same battle many times, which is why I am also in favor of more vocal disagreement with religion. But of course, that would considered offensive, and the status quo is to care about the unjustified sensitivities of a religious group over the civil rights of millions.
  • Political views (on social issues): Liberal, as shown above.
  • What needs to be done: I have an outline for this but it can easily form a new post.

I’m sure there are missing things in this profile, so don’t be afraid to ask questions. I look forward to answering them.

Edit: Received a question on the religion and science compatibility. I agree that I have not quite expanded on the topic as much as the others, and I may write more about this in the future.

Edit 2: Here is the science and religion compatibility post.

2012 Embassy Attacks and the Tolerance Paradox

US Embassy Cairo 2012
An Egyptian protester throws a tear-gas canister back at riot police outside the U.S. embassy in Cairo on Sept. 13, 2012. Photo from TIME.

Due to recent events in the world, I’d like to dedicate a post on the concept of tolerance and its paradoxical nature.

Russell’s Paradox

This paradox is usually explained as the Barber paradox. If there is a barber in town who cuts the hair of only those who do not cut their own hair, then does he cut his own hair? If he does, then he is the category of those who do cut their own hair, so he can’t cut his own hair. But if he doesn’t cut his own hair, then by definition he does cut his own hair. Either way is a contradiction.

More formally, this is given as Russell’s paradox: Imagine a set that contains all sets that do not contain themselves. Does such a set contain itself? If it does, then it is not a member of itself, which is a contradiction, and if it does not contain itself, then by definition it is a member of itself, which is another contradiction. So, such a set is an impossible construction.

The Tolerance Paradox

The notion of all-tolerance leads to a paradox as well. If there is a person who tolerates everything, then by definition he also tolerates intolerance. But if he tolerates intolerance, then he is then not all-tolerant. Thus it is logically impossible to tolerate everything, because intolerance is included in the set of everything.

Whenever there is a clash of tolerance versus intolerance, the more tolerant side cannot be fully tolerant. It would be naive to believe it would be possible. The best the tolerant side can do is to not tolerate the intolerance of the other side.

How Tolerant Can We Be?

Now, if we do not tolerate the intolerance of the other side, then aren’t we too becoming intolerant? Yes and no. Yes only in the technical sense. No, because the only thing we are being intolerant of is at a meta level, not a real level.

For example, if person A tolerates all forms of clothing and person B does not tolerate jeans, then person B has an intolerance at the real level. If person A were to not tolerate person B’s intolerance of jeans, he is only not tolerating at the meta level. His intolerance of B’s intolerance is really just a defense of the real-level tolerance. So, person A is more tolerant than person B.

The Statue of Liberty

In the United States, we have the freedom of speech and expression, which is a supreme tolerance. If some Congressman were to argue that free speech should be taken away, then when you protest that choice, you are not really being intolerant of the Congressman’s intolerance of free speech. You are defending tolerance in the form of freedom of speech.

In a way, the intolerance of intolerance can be considered a form of tolerance after all, which is one resolution of the paradox. But even so, at some point to defend tolerance, you must disagree with the Congressman who is intolerant. And their side, in a non-logical defense, will claim your side is being intolerant and that their side is the tolerant one.

Religion and Tolerance

Some religions work the same way, claiming they are the tolerant ones while the other side is being intolerant, when it is really the other way around. Islam and Christianity seem to be serial offenders, each claiming itself as tolerant but neither one of them really being that tolerant at all.

Not only have these religions used verbal mockery, but time and time again throughout history, they have used physical force and oppression to attack those who disagreed with them, under the guise of being tolerant. When Galileo made his astronomical observations supporting Copernicus’s heliocentrism (that Earth orbits the Sun, not the other way around), he was charged with heresy.

The whole idea of calling someone a heretic goes completely against the idea of tolerance. And then taking oppressive and violent actions on such a person goes even further.

In the 2012 embassy attacks so far, the condemnation should fall strictly on the attackers, not on any filmmakers. At this point, as defenders of tolerance, we should no longer stand still and watch the violent intolerance against free thought.

It used to be that individuals such as Galileo were hated for using reason. But now, nations of the West are hated and their embassies attacked because of the non-violent free-expression of a few.

Obviously, not every Muslim is of the mindset of the attackers, and in fact only a small minority was violent. However, that does not absolve the religion itself from guilt. The attacks should not be blamed on any group in the Muslim population, nor against even those who perpetrated such actions, as these people were no doubt just doing what they thought were right, what they thought God wanted them to do. The root problem is the worldview itself and how it facilitates and justifies such violence. That is where the real blame lies. Unfortunately, judicial systems around the world judge people or groups of people, not ideas and worldviews. So until the judicial system adapts (along with a whole bundle of other factors, primarily education), religious intolerance is not going to stop. And this is not just referring to Islam, but especially Christianity as well.

Response to the Attacks

There is nothing wrong with condemning the attacks. By condemning the attacks, you are not being intolerant of Islam, but rather, tolerant of freedom of the press. Similarly, if you condemn the Salem witch trials, you are not being intolerant of Christianity, but rather, tolerant of the right to fair trial. It’s not that the “witches” were causing any threat to the religion, but rather, it was religion that was demonizing the victims. Similarly, the violent protesters make it seem as if their religion was strongly threatened, when in fact, it was them who were terrorizing others. So don’t be fooled when religions play the victim card. They claim to be the victim but act the bully. They claim to be tolerant, when they are highly the opposite.

Title page of Cases of Conscience (Boston, 1693 – Salem Witch Trials) by Increase Mather.

The legal systems of countries adapt all the time. Societies adapt, humans adapt, and all life adapts to new situations. Language adapts, technology adapts, and science adapts to new facts. But some religions absolutely refuse to adapt (though not all religions). Sometimes it might take a hundred years for a religion to accept something, such as the fact that Earth orbits the Sun and not the other way around. Or the fact that the Earth is round, not flat. Or the fact that biology is driven by evolution, not magic. As long as major religions stay in the same position and refuse to adapt, there will always be intolerance.